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How to install and configure Django with mod_wsgi on FreeBSD 8.2

2012 January 21
tags:
by Richard Knop

This is a follow up on my previous post: How to install and configure mod_wsgi on FreeBSD 8.2

I will assume you have followed all steps in the previous blog post and have FreeBSD 8.2 with Apache, Python and mod_wsgi installed and configured properly. We will use the same directory as we used for the hello world python WSGI web app in the previous article. However, we will re-create it with Django so let’s delete if first:

#rm -rf /user/local/www/myapp

Let’s install Django:

#cd /usr/ports/devel/py-pip
#make
#make install

Either refresh your shell path or reboot your virtual machine and install Django via pip:

#pip install django

Test Django installation:

#python
>>>import django

Next, I used UNIX find comman to find django-admin.py file:

#find / -name django-admin.py
/usr/local/bin/django-admin.py
/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/bin/django-admin.py

Let’s go to the /usr/local/www directory:

#cd /usr/local/www

And type:

#/usr/local/bin/django-admin.py startproject myapp

This will create a myapp directory with couple of files inside it, basically a standard Django project.

The only thing remaning is to configure mod_wsgi. First, edit the Apache configuration file:

#ee /usr/local/etc/apache22/httpd.conf

It should look exactly like the one in my previous blog post, the only thing changed is that I have moved the virtual host into a separate file. So delete the virtual host configuration and add an Include directive:

Include /usr/local/www/myapp/httpd.conf

I am basically telling the Apache to include contents of another httpd.conf file which will be inside the /usr/local/www/myapp folder. This way the virtual host configuration for our app will be inside the app home folder which makes way more sense. So create a new httpd.conf file:

#cd /usr/local/www/myapp
#ee httpd.conf

Configure an Apache virtual  host for our Django app:

WSGIPythonPath /usr/local/www
<VirtualHost *:80>
  ServerName localhost.home
  ServerAlias localhost.home

  DocumentRoot /usr/local/www/myapp/public

  <Directory /usr/local/www/myapp/public>
  Order allow,deny
  Allow from all
  </Directory>

  WSGIScriptAlias / /usr/local/www/myapp/wsgi.py

  <Directory /usr/local/www>
  Order allow,deny
  Allow from all
  </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

Finally, you might have noticed that our Django app is missing the wsgi.py file mentioned in the httpd.conf. Let’s create it:

#ee wsgi.py

The simplest Django app will look like this:

import os
os.environ['DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE'] = 'myapp.settings'

import django.core.handlers.wsgi
application = django.core.handlers.wsgi.WSGIHandler()

That’s it. Open the app in your browser and you should see a page like this:

4 Responses leave one →
  1. Bill permalink
    February 14, 2012

    Thanks Richard, another very useful page which saved me a lot of time!

    Where you talk about the Apache httpd.conf file and say “delete the virtual host configuration and add an Include directive” – in the previous page where this is configured you have already put the Include directive into this file.

    Also the very last thing to do is restart Apache:
    # /usr/local/etc/rc.d/apache22 restart

    You will get a warning (to be expected as we have not created it yet):
    Warning: DocumentRoot [/usr/local/www/myapp/public] does not exist
    But of course the Python WSGI app works and we get the Django welcome page.

    Again, thanks for sharing all this work!

    Bill

  2. Iain permalink
    February 9, 2014

    One small problem to fix if you decide to update this site.

    I tried this with FreeBSD 9.2 and by default sqlite3 is not installed, so you get a misconfigured server error, examining the apache error log you find out django cant find sqlite3

    To fix this you need to install sqlite3, I found this could be done by installing the port /usr/ports/databases/py-sqlite3.

    Other than that a very very helpful website.

Trackbacks and Pingbacks

  1. Django missing admin CSS stylesheets | Zend Framework Blog
  2. Install PostgreSQL on FreeBSD 8.2 and make it work with Django | Zend Framework Blog

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